Climate change already affects marine and coastal ecosystems and ecosystem services. Risk levels strongly depend on future rates of greenhouse gas emissions and even a global surface warming of between 1.5-2.0°C by the end of the century compared to pre-industrial levels, consistent with the Paris Agreement, will generate serious impacts on the ocean. Hence there is urgent need for ambitious global mitigation and local adaptation, and for assessing the possible contribution of the ocean to the leeway for action.
The Ocean Solutions Initiative was launched to assess the potential of ocean-based measures to reduce changes in three major climate-related drivers (ocean warming, ocean acidification, and sea-level rise) both globally and/or locally, as well as to reduce adverse impacts on vital climate-sensitive ecosystems (coral reefs, mangroves and salt marshes, seagrass beds, and Arctic biota) and ecosystem services (fin fisheries, fish aquaculture, coastal protection, and bivalve fisheries and aquaculture).
This web page will list the products of The Ocean Solutions Initiative as they will become available.
Billé, Raphaël, The Pacific Community, New Caledonia
Bopp, Laurent, CNRS, France
Cheung, William, University of British Columbia, Canada
Duarte, Carlos, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Saudi Arabia
Gates, Ruth, University of Hawaii, USA
Gattuso, Jean-Pierre, CNRS, Université Pierre et Marie Curie and IDDRI, France
Hinkel, Jochen, Global Climate Forum, Germany
Magnan, Alexandre, Institut du développement durable et des relations internationales, France
Mcleod, Elizabeth, The Ocean Conservancy, USA
Micheli, Fiorenza, Center for Ocean Solutions, Stanford University, USA
Middelburg, Jack, University of Utrecht, The Netherlands
Oschlies, Andreas, GEOMAR, Germany
Hans-Otto Pörtner, Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research
Rau, Gregg, University of California at Santa Cruz, USA
Williamson, Phil University of East Anglia, United Kingdom
Vanesa Chalastani and Jean-Olivier Irisson also contributed.
Gattuso J.-P., 2017. Changements climatiques et océans : conséquences et solutions. 2e congrès de la Société Francophone de néphrologie, dialyse et transplantation, Nice.
Gattuso J.-P., 2017. Ocean-based solutions to minimise impacts of climate-related changes. From Sciences to Solutions: Ocean Acidifcation Impacts on Ecosystem Services - Case Studies on Coral Reefs, Monaco.
Magnan A.K., 2017. Contrasting futures of climate change impacts on the ocean, and ocean-based solutions. Policy workshop Towards ocean-related NDCs (organized by the "Because the Ocean" initiative), UNFCCC COP23, Bonn, Germany.